If you plan to stay for a period shorter than 6 months, you will be issued, provided you fulfil the requirements, a temporary long-stay visa (TLSV). This visa may not, barring exceptional circumstances, be extended.
Should the duration of your stay exceed 6 months, you will be issued a visa equal to the residence permit applicable to the grounds for your stay in France. A long-stay visa equivalent to a resident permit, valid for four months to one year, if the grounds for your stay make you eligible for only a temporary one-year residence permit.
Different Types of VISA
Long-stay visa exceeding 90 days
Stay for an extended period for tourist or personal reasons